Hubris (pronunciation: /ˈhjuːbrɪs/; Ancient Greek: ὕβρις), , alternately spelled "Hybris", is an ancient concept of extreme self-confidence and/or excessive hubristic/sinful pride found in the myths and legends of countless cultures from around the world - the idea of hubris came from cultural taboos regarding what was seen as corruptive or dishonorable behavior, often on a battle-field or within a place of worship.
Hubris involved many things but one of the most common was the humiliation or defilement of fallen enemies, in some ways this can be seen as part of the "Code of War".
Hubris resulted in divine punishment as well as social stigma - in ancient times, people feared dark demons or vengeance-gods as well as hauntings from the angry dead as part of this punishment, giving rise to the concept of a Nemesis.
Even in cultures that had one God (monotheism), Hubris exists, though it is often known as "sin" (which leads it to becoming associated with the Seven Deadly Sins and it becoming coined under the term "Hubristic Pride" (opposite of "Authentic Pride") centuries later) - the Old Testament for example is filled with examples of mankind trying to surpass God or defying His will, which results in numerous punishments such as the 10 Plagues of Egypt, turning cities into salt and being banished from Paradise.
- According to the mythical but cautionary legend of the rocks called the "ὕβρις" ("u-bris") within the Strait of Gibraltar that are said to be dangerous for anyone who is arrogant enough to dare to venture through those rocks and the gods of Olympus would get them and punish. This serves as a lesson in the downfall of vain pride or hubris.